Ottawa | Reuters — China said Tuesday it will turn away all meat shipped from Canada, just days before China and the United States sit down to work on settling a trade dispute that has also caught Canada in the crossfire.
China launched an investigation after inspections found residues of ractopamine, a feed additive not accepted by China in Canadian pork, the Chinese embassy in Canada said in a statement on its website.
That probe revealed as many as 188 “counterfeit” veterinary health certificates, the statement said, and the existence of “obvious safety loopholes.”
“In order to protect the safety of Chinese consumers, China has taken urgent preventive measures and requested the Canadian government to suspend the issuance of certificates for meat exported to China,” the statement said.
“We hope the Canadian side would attach great importance to this incident, complete the investigation as soon as possible and take effective measures to ensure the safety of food exported to China in a more responsible manner,” it added.
Canadian Agriculture Minister Marie-Claude Bibeau said in a statement that the Canadian Food and Inspection Agency (CFIA) had been working closely with industry and Chinese officials on the matter, and confirmed that it had found “inauthentic export certificates.”
“CFIA is investigating this technical issue and has informed appropriate law enforcement agencies. This incident is specific to export certificates to China. Export certificates to other countries are not affected,” Bibeau said in the statement.
As a result of China’s concerns, CFIA has now stopped issuing export certificates to China for both pork and beef as of Tuesday, the Canadian Pork Council said in a separate statement.
“This halt in Canadian exports is not the result of a food safety concern but the misuse of Canada’s reputation as a supplier of safe quality products,” the council said Tuesday.
The council added its staff and those of the Canadian Meat Council and Canada Pork International are “working closely with government officials to better understand the situation and identify potential next steps.”
Relations between China and Canada nosedived in December after Vancouver police detained Meng Wanzhou, the chief financial officer of Huawei Technologies, on a U.S. arrest warrant. She denies any wrongdoing and Beijing is demanding her return.
After Meng’s arrest, China detained two Canadians and later formally charged them with espionage. Canada says the arrest of the two men was arbitrary. China has already blocked imports of Canadian canola seed.
On Tuesday, Meng’s lawyers urged Canada’s justice minister to withdraw extradition proceedings against Meng, but received no immediate response.
Though the issue is not on the official agenda, Canada’s justice minister, David Lametti, is due to meet the U.S. Attorney General William Barr in Washington on Wednesday.
U.S. President Donald Trump last week told Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau that he was prepared to raise the case of two detained Canadians with Chinese President Xi Jinping, who he is going to meet in Japan on Saturday at the Group of 20 meeting.
At that meeting, the United States hopes to relaunch trade talks with China. It will be the first time Trump and Xi sit down together since trade talks between the world’s two largest economies broke down in May of last year.
China bought $310 million worth of Canadian pork from January through April, making it Canada’s third-largest export market by value, according to official data. China in 2018 accounted for about $514 million of almost $4 billion worth of overall pork exports from Canada, the pork council said.
Earlier this month, Reuters reported exclusively that China plans to boost inspections of imported Canadian meats and meat products.
A Canadian agriculture ministry notice said the Canadian embassy in Beijing had been told Chinese customs agents would open all containers of Canadian meat and meat products, and that in some cases 100 per cent of the contents would be inspected.
The move to block Canadian meat imports comes at a difficult moment for Chinese pork consumers. China’s sow herd is being closely watched by the global livestock market as an epidemic of incurable African swine fever has killed millions of animals in the world’s most populous country, pushing up prices.
–– Reporting for Reuters by Kelsey Johnson in Ottawa and Rod Nickel in Winnipeg; writing by Steve Scherer. Includes files from Glacier FarmMedia Network staff.Tagged Bibeau, Canada, certificates, CFIA, China, counterfeit, exports, imports, meat products, ractopamine, veterinary health