Manitoba Agriculture’s crop report for the week ending July 28 indicates generally good though variable conditions for Manitoba crops, with some areas needing more rain and others suffering from excess moisture from storms last week.
In the southwest, crops progressed well with early canola coming off flower but the majority is in full bloom. Flax is flowering and cereals are filling with some early barley starting to turn. Sunflowers are behind in development and need heat to bring them along. Some winter wheat is starting to change colour. The earliest peas are almost finished flowering and are well-podded. All spring cereals are headed and finished flowering.
In the northwest, soil moisture conditions vary from ideal to excessive. The Ste. Rose area in particular is struggling with excess moisture slowing crop development and hay harvest. About 25-30 per cent of cereals are in early dough stage, the remainder is less developed.
In the central region, crops are maturing rapidly. Rainfall was variable with Gladstone receiving 50 mm and the Westbourne area receiving 100 mm while the rest of the area received no rain or only a few showers. Rainfall is needed over most of the area. Soybeans and dry beans are progressing well but continued heat is needed for longer season crops.
In the the eastern region, spring wheat and oats are at the milk to soft dough stage while barley is at the hard dough stage. Most canola is finished flowering. Lack of nodulation and/or very low levels of nodulation were found in some first time soybean fields, attributed to persistent cool and saturated soil conditions earlier in the season.
Winter wheat is rated as excellent across the region, with some fusarium head blight symptoms are observed. Pastureland is rated as good but is starting to dry out in central areas of the region.
In most areas of the Interlake, crops are showing signs of excess moisture stress. Fisher Branch received 20 mm of rain last week with 51mm reported in the Poplarfield area. Precipitation varied throughout the south Interlake area, ranging from 4-25 mm. Arborg received 20 mm of rain, and Riverton and Arnes were hard-hit with around 76 mm. The South Interlake also experienced warmer temperatures which was positive for long season crops.
Some haying was done over the weekend but most is delayed by frequent rains, high humidity, and flooded fields, causing significant hay quality damage.